Improved Sanitation Facilities

Year: 2014-2015
Client: Unicef Rwanda | WASH
Size: 130sqm
Cost: 25.000$ - 190$/sqm 

Implementation of Improved toilets in existing primary schools

Improved sanitation facilities implementation is one of the main focus of Unicef Rwanda, WASH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene) department. ASA updated the design guidelines for the toilets in Rwanda and supervised the construction of 60 facilities in existing primary schools in the Northern Province.
The simple design and the low tech of materials and techniques made possible to build a wide number of toilets with a very tight shedule. The toilets are sealed pit latrines, provided with a big, waterproof pit that has to be emptied by a vacuum track once full.
They are divided in boys and girls, they include incinerator, urinals for males, and wahing room for females. Proper ventilation and drainage is achieved through walls vents, raised roofs, and inclined channels. The surfaces are easily cleanable and facilitate the maintenance of proper hygiene.
It is estimated that more that 90% of the population in Rwanda still uses unsealed pit latrines or not improved sanitation facilities, reason why the education of proper hygiene and sanitation in schools is fundamental to achieve the 2020 Sustainable Development Goals.

  
    Toilet prototype on WASH guidelines, 2014

  
    Toilet prototype under construction, 201

  
    Toilet pit construction and scaffolding, 2015

  
    Toilet prototype, 2015

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